High surface stability of magnetite on bi-layer Fe3O4/Fe/MgO(0 0 1) films under 1 MeV Kr+ ion irradiation

N-T H Kim-Ngan, M Krupska, A G Balogh, P Malinsky and A Mackova

  • ANSN Editor
Keywords: nano


We investigate the stability of the bi-layer Fe3O4/Fe(0 0 1) films grown epitaxially on MgO(0 0 1) substrates with the layer thickness in the range of 25–100 nm upon 1 MeV Kr+ ion irradiation. The layer structure and layer composition of the films before and after ion irradiation were studied by XRR, RBS and RBS-C techniques. The interdiffusion and intermixing was analyzed. No visible change in the RBS spectra was observed upon irradiation with ion fluence below 1015 Kr cm−2. The bi-layer structure and the stoichiometric Fe3O4 layer on the surface were well preserved after Kr+ ion irradiation at low damage levels, although the strong intermixing implied a large interfacial (Fe x O y ) and (Fe, Mg)O y layer respective at Fe3O4–Fe and Fe–MgO interface. The high ion fluence of 3.8  ×  1016 Kr cm−2 has induced a complete oxidization of the buffer Fe layer. Under such Kr fluence, the stoichiometry of the Fe3O4 surface layer was still preserved indicating its high stability. The entire film contains Fe x O y -type composition at ion fluence large than 5.0  ×  1016 Kr cm−2

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